Terms of Reference
Linkage of GBV and HIV for Policy and Advocacy
Survivors and victims of gender-based violence could be women and men, girls or boys.
But as it is based on the persistent imbalance of power between men and women, according to United Nation reports, ― women and girls are overwhelmingly affected, are not only at high risk and primary targets for GBV but also suffer exacerbated consequences as compared with what men endure.
As a result of gender discrimination and their lower socio-economic status, women have limited awareness, fewer options and resources at their disposal to avoid or escape abusive situations and to seek justice.
They also suffer SRH consequences, including forced and unwanted pregnancies, unsafe abortions and resulting in deaths, traumatic fistula, and higher risks of sexually transmitted infections and HIV.
GBV in Kenyan elections, has historically and consistently, been meted out to women by the community, media and male leaders who seek to discredit women candidates in the eyes of society.
The results of a disputed presidential election results in 2007, led to a violent crisis across Kenya at the end of 2007 and early 2008. Different situations in Kenya including political instability have led to a violent crisis in Kenya.
This violence was manifested in multiple forms; however it is important to highlight the anecdotal and qualitative (narrative) evidence documented by the Commission of Inquiry on PEV (CIPEV), on the upsurge and rampant sexual violence and other forms of Gender Based Violence (GBV) and Sexual exploitation and Abuse (SEA) to both men/boys and women/girls during the period when law and order broke down.
Women and girls were the worst affected as a result of their perceived lower status in the society and these incidences have had a spiral effect on their lives such as abandonment by spouses, psychological trauma, loss of livelihoods and contracting HIV.
Immense documentation and reportage is available on how violence affects both men and women from the various commissions of enquiry, UN reports, civil society reports and other independent assessments and reports.
A simplified, useable and easily accessible document that can adequately inform CSO’s working on GBV, humanitarian and other peace building stakeholders on the scope, trends and types of GBV experienced and consequently guide them on planning for prevention and responses is not available.
The availability of this information in line with the linkage to HIV and AIDS is missing or scanty for information that is available.
The study will seek to identify whether the policy, strategies and programs including the referral systems for GBV survivors have integrated HIV prevention and treatment services.
The study will seek to see whether the policies, strategies and services provide for the needs of both the GBV survivors with an emphasis of women and girls as well as the people at risk of GBV and therefore HIV and AIDS due to a number of vulnerabilities.
Further this analysis will strengthen the existing information base through describing the extent and manifestation of GBV during different situations including PEV that will be used in more evidenced based preparedness and planning for different situations including the elections by the UN and other humanitarian partners.
The consultant will be working closely with the NACC, NASCOP and UN Joint team on HIV as well as the humanitarian sector to get information at county level on the HIV burden that will inform the policy and advocacy recommendations the assignment will identify.
The county profiles of HIV burden will form part of the desk review documents in addition to other legal, policy and socio economic documents.
Scope of work:
The consultant will be home based and work under the guidance of the UN Women Kenya Country Director and work closely with the HIV program officer, the humanitarian team and the VAW Program Officer and specifically:
- Analyze and comb through all the available reports and identify all GBV and HIV related information pertaining to prevention and response in the context of incidences, dimensions, trends, types and response actions during conflict, post conflict and other situations – including humanitarian. This includes policy analysis as well as identification of the different forms of GBV and their risk to HIV (what are the numbers, rates etc).this will be delivered in the form of a policy brief to be printed.
- Undertake a mapping of GBV safety centres in the hot spots (at county level) that have integrated HIV preparedness including prevention and response measures; and for those that have not recommendations on how this integration can best be done.
- Incorporate lessons learned during past emergencies and humanitarian situations, policies in place and best practices as part of the desk review. Through this, suggest standard operating procedures for integrating HIV into GBV safety centres.
- Identify all HIV in the context of GBV prevention and response gaps and identify recommendations on key actions to be incorporated in preparedness and contingency planning elections. Additionally, identify any recommendations that were put through in the reports and in policies.
- If necessary, interview key actors and service providers to ensure that the GBV information in the reports is sufficient, correct and update it where necessary.
- The consultant will also be called upon from time to time to make presentations on GBV and HIV to a number of stakeholders.
- A detailed document (maximum 20 pages) that includes the relevant information as per this terms of reference. This should build on the existing GBV in election document that UN Women has developed. The HIV in GBV dynamics will be the uniqueness of this document and will make the distinction between the two documents.
- An illustrative, catchy and visual brief for dissemination to HIV, humanitarian stakeholders and other actors.
- Develop a power point presentation that can be presented to different audiences on HIV and GBV including during post conflict, conflict and humanitarian situations.
Duration of assignment: The assignment will take 20 working days from the contractual date.
- The consultant shall be paid as per UN Women rates
- The consultancy agreement is between UN Women and the consultant who will be answerable to the UN Women Kenya Country Director.
- The consultancy is expected to commence on the 4th of September 2013 and completed not later than 15th of October 2013
Qualifications, Skills and Experience
A Master’s degree in gender, international law, human rights, international studies, or any other related field, with at least 20 years proven past experience in review, synthesis and analysis of key information and provision of guidance to multi-actors and national processes on gender, GBV or protection related components.
The skills of the consultant should be complementary to cover the areas of HIV, gender, GBV, protection, and human rights.
She/ he must demonstrate thorough knowledge and understanding of the humanitarian and development situation of Kenya.
Other Skills: She/ he should possess excellent analytical, written and oral communication skills, presentation skills, diplomacy skills, as well as ability to work independently and in a team if required.
Language: Fluency in oral and written English is necessary and Kiswahili desired.
Mode of Application:
Submit Cover Letter articulating understanding of the TOR, updated CV including references and a daytime telephone by the 30th of August 2013 to either: Kavutha.firstname.lastname@example.org, Njoki.email@example.com or Pamela.firstname.lastname@example.org